Fauna and flora in Phong Nha

Between wasteland deep limestone (KARST) famous Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park (Quang Binh) has a special rescue team, with the task of finding, preserving and

Between wasteland deep limestone (KAST) famous Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park (Quang Binh) has a special rescue team, with a mission to search, preserve and rescue the animals, rare plants are have endangered.
The most impressive thing here is not the hundreds of species of plants, dozens of rare animals under special care as the “patient” in nursing homes, but rather the attempt to replicate, return of the jungle growing crops, which had been absent for many years in the natural environment.
Xuan Son bridge on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, turn under the 20 Decision Win is deep in the core area of the national park of Phong Nha – Ke Bang. Unlike the bustling atmosphere, crowded in the marina on the river Xuan Son or Son – sightseeing tours Phong Nha cave system, the 20 Decision Win as inserted deep into the jungle as if President and rugged. Forest roads were paved or whether concrete carpet, but through the Pass, down the slope when hun smoking when compacting piled walls, makes us feel a little bit of danger in the old CTS roads.

The car stopped, one hand stuffed vertical walls, a carpet inside the jungle is not a ray of sunshine through. This is the place to be chosen as the botanical gardens. Called the garden, but it is difficult to distinguish where the limit is the garden, where the forest. Deputy Director of the National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang Le Thuc Dinh explained: “Currently the garden has an area of 41 ha, the future will expand to more than 100 ha. A place for research of rare plants, as well is “nursing station” for your plants from salvage loggers hands “.

In place of “garden in the garden”, there are the area for orchids. Orchid variety here, old enough. “Ageing” is spread nghinh spring. They were “liberated” from the hands of the gangs specialized in exploiting orchid taken city. For every degree spring, blooming orchids, garden flavor shine makes both sweet and brilliant asphyxiation. How many bees, butterflies gathered, excited like a festival. Concentration show me the filled pots lined on the bottom level, “he Paphiopedilum. We stuffed about new words in.”

In the spread, the spread they feel deserves to be considered the “queen”. Not to mention the excellent flavor and medicinal value, the rare orchids also made famous comedy. In Vietnam, the first-slipper orchids are found in areas near Nha Trang in the 20s of last century. Immediately it became the treasures in the world collection of flowers play from north to south. The hunted for many years has made rapid spread visibly absent in nature.

The return of slipper orchids is also an interesting story. Two years ago, a desert expedition limestone Phong Nha – Ke Bang, the section from km 37 to km 40 along 20 Wins Decision, the scientists have discovered at an altitude of about 650 meters on a rocky compacting wide area to 5,000 hectares of forest department. According to the researchers, green cypress species in our country are very few and small, mostly concentrated in the I-la David streams and waterfalls Most high-trailers (Dalat) with a diameter of 5-10 cm. Yet here were immense-old cypresses from more than 500 years, to the original to the new two-ENDING hug. Scientists at the Institute of Botany Korah-indent (Scientific Academy of the Russian Federation) said that this forest is green cypress populations rock (scientific name: Calocedrus rupestris Aver) the most ancient and vast most areas are left in the East – South Asia.

The cypress trees higher than 20 meters, a diameter of more than 1 m, about half a thousand years standing haughtily on shady rock halfway up the sky, it’s mettle! Rocks in the background, more immediate relatives were “lying” down, can have seven, eight hundred or a thousand years ago, but until now has fragrance. Under the forest canopy stock, nestled between the old body was pressing the whereabouts of slipper orchids. Strangely, slipper orchids clinging to the trunk do not live or grow from the ground like any other orchid species, which as been born … rocks. The rocks on the high compacting container from cypress mulch perennial main house slipper orchids. So, if such species is the ruler department of the herb world’s slipper orchids “princess” and to taste so lovely. Perhaps by “eating” by cypress, “breathing” by cedar that slipper orchids have such ethereal beauty?

Concentration has cradling a slipper orchids pots, overlooks the jungle where he has implanted so many orchids on tree trunks and telling aspirations: “We will press spread out so much comedy to return naturally. I wish one day both karst, Phong Nha – Ke Bang full slipper orchids will bloom and green cypress identical messages … “. I know, dream of Concentration and brothers in Phong Nha rescue team not a pipe dream. And here, Phong Nha – Ke Bang will be the land of blue cypress and rare orchids of Vietnamese jungle land. But, the path from here to there and far too arduous. By to feed a precious wood trees become old was difficult, creating a primeval jungle tree species meet year round about dark, wet to the orchid house is even harder. Own story understood streak of blue cypress and stone two up decent spread this feat alone is enough. “Princess” of ancient cypress forests is kinky. Dislikes has had direct sunshine, high humidity but also loathe heat was difficult to live very well. Conversely, the more pressing the “aggressively” on the small slopes, steep mountains, arid and barren arid even more green, as long as the sun is standing in the back …

The comedy orchids, including green slipper orchids, slipper orchids Paphiopedilum concolor that twists and rescue teams tending Phong Nha is one of 62 species of plants in the Vietnam Red Book and 79 species of plants in the Red Book of the world are present in the park. As for orchids, forest Phong Nha – Ke Bang has nearly 300 species. In five years of searching, more than 160 species have been gathered in the garden of this rescue. Besides orchids comedy, there is both a spread glitter, royal orchid orchid seminar … you seem to have become extinct in the wild.

When new to Phong Nha – Ke Bang, I feel disappointed called “nursing home” of rare orchids are not as lush orchid garden down the street here. It turned out or targeted at rescue center is not to create a lush flower garden that is the existence of this rare orchid in natural conditions. Therefore, except for prevention of disease, even here there is no shadow of chemicals, including fertilizers and plant protection products or artificial support preparations used daily. All are based on the natural habitat.

Goals are particularly strong in the area of animal rescue. There are dozens of animals, all kinds of monkeys, apes, bears, to snakes, weasels, porcupines … are freed from the pubs or in transit. The process is very strict care and natural factors always put on top. The mission of the rescue team is nursing, healing or for animal diseases, until they recover completely, then released back into the forest. So are most hydrophobic taming trend. Seeing a black bear, the snout velvety mole insisted on his hand was young engineers that are not, see the truth hurt. Half a year ago, this very young bears, hunters are being brought city. Some people have to spend money “ransom” and brought back to the rescue center Phong Nha. Now, the uncle was agile and strong enough. Young engineer explained: “We do. But do not dare for fear of it familiar caress”. Because once you are familiar little animal who is very difficult to return to the wild life forest. The staff at the animal rescue team managed only two notes stables nearby. “Two notes this in a long time with the bags they should not be in the forest now. Maybe next taken to the eco resort for show visitors to it.”

With 85 754 hectares area, forest coverage reached 93.8%, of which nearly 65 thousand hectares of forest in primary forms, National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang scientists are ranked first in value conservation in special use forests in Vietnam. In just five years, from 2003 to date, the scientists have discovered 19 new species to science, such as Phong Nha geckos, snakes white MEP, viper Truong Son and ten water species sweet…

Five years, 19 species of animals and plants have been discovered completely new is a record in the National Park Phong Nha – Ke Bang and make sure numbers do not stop there, because of the exceptional value of geomorphology, geology and fauna, global flora of a world natural heritage. But the story wildlife rescue and precious orchids as well as those who dream of working in scientific research and rescue in Phong Nha – Ke Bang on a country’s slipper orchids and green cypress just made me remember.



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